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Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) for Developing Country Parties

For information on the first workshop for the facilitative sharing of views under the ICA process, please see details

At COP 13, through the Bali Action Plan, Parties agreed on the principle of applying measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) for developing country Parties, which laid the foundation for the subsequent elaboration of the existing comprehensive MRV framework for developing country Parties.

Measurement (M) for non-Annex I Parties applies both to efforts to address climate change and to the impacts of these efforts. It occurs at the national level and refers to GHG emissions, mitigation actions and their effects, and the support needed and received;

Reporting (R) for non-Annex I Parties is implemented through the national communications and BURs, where Parties report on their actions to address climate change in their national communications and biennial update reports;

Verification (V) is addressed at the international level, through the ICA of BURs; It can also occur at the national level, but is voluntary.

(More information is available in this pdf-icon handbook)

The existing framework for MRV under the Convention for developing country Parties consists of several elements, which have been gradually implemented through  a set of decisions by the COP over the period 2004–2015. Some of these elements are implemented at the international level and others at the national level.



International Consultation and Analysis (ICA)

What is ICA?


At COP 16 in 2010, Parties decided to conduct international consultation and analysis (ICA) of BURs from non-Annex I Parties.


Parties can choose policies and measures to address climate change based on their domestic priorities, and ICA will focus on the information provided on the latter.


The modalities and guidelines for ICA were adopted at COP 17. COP 19 adopted a further decision on the composition, modalities and procedures of the team of technical experts (TTE) for undertaking the technical analysis of BURs under ICA.


While the primary objective of the ICA process is to enhance the transparency of mitigation actions, it is also expected to contribute towards the capacity-building of non-Annex I Parties leading to improvement in the quality of its BURs over the period of time.

ICA includes two steps: a technical analysis (TA) of BURs by a team of technical experts (TTE) and a facilitative sharing of views (FSV), and which are both captured here:



NeW! ICA booklet


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Step 1 of the ICA: Technical Analysis of BURs
An analysis by a team of technical experts (TTE)
The TTE will conduct a technical analysis of the BURs submitted by non-Annex I Parties, and any additional technical information that may be provided by the Party concerned. This will be conducted in consultation with the Party, and will result in an individual summary report for each BUR submitted and analysed.
In consultation with the Party concerned, the TTE will identify capacity-building needs in order to facilitate the reporting of information in subsequent BURs and participation in ICA.

The TTE shall complete a draft summary report within three months after the start of the technical analysis. The summary report will be noted by the SBI in its conclusions and shall be made publicly available on the UNFCCC website.

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From December 2014 the first round of submission of BURs by non-annex I Parties began in May 2015, and thereafter as a continuous process, with an individual summary report being prepared by the TTE, for each Party that is analysed.

 Implementation status of the technical analysis of BURs from developing country Parties.

Round of technical analysis  Parties


BUR submission


Technical analysis 

Round 8



22/09/2016 – 17/03/2017


22/05/2017 – 26/05/2017


Round 7 Ecuador
21/06/2016 – 21/09/2016
5/12/2016 – 9/12/2016
Round 6 Armenia
Republic of Moldova
20/03/2016 – 20/06/2016
19/09/2016 – 23/09/2016
Round 5 India
19/12/2015 – 19/03/2016
13/06/201-    17/06/2016
Round 4 Argentina
Costa Rica
18/09/2015 – 18/12/2015
29/02/2016 – 4/03/2016
Round 3 Ghana 29/05/2015 - 17/09/2015
16/11/2015 – 18/11/2015
Round 2

Bosnia and Herzegovina

27/02/2015 - 29/05/2015 17/08/2015 – 21/08/2015
Round 1

Brazil REDD

Republic of Korea

South Africa

2/12/2014 -


Step 2 of the ICA process: Facilitative Sharing of Views

The second step of the ICA process is the facilitative sharing of views, which takes the form of a workshop convened under the SBI. It is open to all Parties, for all Parties, and will be conducted at regular intervals, consisting of one to three hour-sessions for each Party or group of Parties, who may request to go individually or in a group of up to five Parties.


The exchange will be open to all Parties, all of whom will be allowed to submit written questions in advance. The session will consist of a brief presentation by the Party or Parties concerned on their BUR, followed by oral questions and answers among Parties.


The outcome of this process will be a record of the facilitative sharing of views which along with the summary report of the technical analysis of a BUR will constitute outcome of ICA for the Party. More





  Technical support for the Team of Technical Experts (TTE) to conduct the technical analysis
The Consultative Group of Experts (CGE), in fulfilling its mandate, also provides support to the TTE with the aim of enhancing their capacity to conduct an efficient and effective technical analysis under the ICA. Among others, these criteria for selection of the TTE include successfully completing the CGE training programme for the TTE, prepared by the CGE on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (CGE).

Currently, there are only a handful of experts certified to undertake this technical analysis. Recognizing the increasing numbers of BURs submitted over time and the likely demand on experts nominated to the UNFCCC roster of experts, to undertake the technical analysis, the secretariat encourages eligible experts to complete the registration process for the CGE training programme.


pdf-icon Registration Form (187 kB)


Contact and Feedback
For submission of BURs from non-Annex I Parties, please e-mail the secretariat:
reporting-nai@unfcccThe details on the submission process will be communicated through this email.
MRV for Developing Countries
National Reports from non-Annex I countries

Consideration of Reports

Financial and Technical Support

Tools and Training Materials
Latest reports

Summary report on the technical analysis of the first BUR - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Technical report on the technical analysis of the technical annex to the first BUR - Brazil

COP decisions / SBI conclusions
Key COP decisions relevant to non-Annex I Parties

SBI conclusions relevant to non-Annex I Parties

pdf-icon ICA Guidelines and Modalities